A photo essay featuring twelve forts, castles and palaces that we have explored on our travels

There are forts and castles of some description in many countries the world over. We are never going to see them all but when we know there is either a castle or fort nearby we invariably make the effort to go and visit it. From Dzong-style fortresses in the Himalayas to medieval, fairytale-like castles in Eastern Europe, we’ve explored a few of them over the years. Here are some photographs of the more memorable ones we have visited so far.

Bahla Fort, Sultanate of Oman

Bahla Fort Nizwa OmanBahla Fort near Nizwa,  Oman

The UNESCO World Heritage-listed Bahla Fort is a dominating oasis fortress situated en route between Oman’s capital, Muscat, and the historic market town of Nizwa. Built in the 13th and 14th centuries, Bahla, along with Nizwa and Jabrin, is one of the great fortresses of the Oman interior. Although heavily restored, Bahla is still an imposing sight on the desert skyline.

Ljubljana Castle, Slovenia

Ljubljana Castle Ljubljana Slovenia | Forts and castles from around the worldLjubljana Castle, Slovenia

Ljubljana Castle dates back to Celtic times. Situated high above the easy-going city of Ljubljana, there are fine views of the city’s Old Town from the castle’s ramparts. From the Hapsburgs to the Nazis, the fortress has accommodated occupiers throughout its long and varied history.

Devín Castle, Slovakia

Devin Castle Bratislava Slovakia | Forts and castles from around the worldDevin Castle, Slovakia

Spawning numerous legends, the Maiden Tower sits precariously atop a hilly outcrop at Devín Castle. A short distance from Bratislava, Devín Castle commands a strategic location, overlooking the meeting point of the Morava and Danube rivers and whoever occupied the fort also controlled the trade along the two rivers. Prior to 1989, the Iron Curtain, which divided the Eastern Bloc and Western Europe, ran just in front of the castle.

Cēsis Castle, Latvia

Cesis Castle Cesis LatviaCesis Castle Latvia

Dating back to the 13th century, the ruins of the medieval castle in Cēsis are the oldest settlement in the town. The castle was once the most important fortress of the Livonian Order, a breakaway branch of the Teutonic Order that was active from the 13th to the 16th century.

Gwalior Fort, India

Man Singh Palace Gwalior Fort Gwalior India | Forts and castles from around the worldGwalior Fort, India

The imperial-style Man Singh Palace is located inside the huge hilltop fortress at Gwalior. One of the largest and most impressive forts in India, Gwalior is just 1½ hours by train from Agra yet surprisingly it sees very few visitors.

Shigatse Dzong, Tibet

Shigatse Dzong Shigatse Tibet | Forts and castles from around the worldShigatse Dzong, Tibet

Originally constructed in the 17th century and destroyed in 1961 after the Tibetan Uprising that started in 1959, the Dzong (fort) you see today was reconstructed in 2007. Situated at an altitude of 3800 metres above sea level, Shigatse Dzong is one of the highest forts in the world.

Krak des Chevaliers, Syria

Krak des Chevaliers Syria | Forts and castles from around the worldKrak des Chevaliers, Syria

Before the civil war in Syria, the UNESCO World Heritage-listed crusader fortress of Krak des Chevaliers was one of the best preserved medieval castles in the world. Whether this is still the case is not known. The castle has been shelled numerous times, and damaged by at least one airstrike. Battle scars are evident in aerial photographs but it won’t be until the war is over that the true extent of the damage can be accurately assessed.

Note: this photograph was taken during my visit to pre-civil-war Syria.

Trakai Castle, Lithuania

Lake Galve Trakai LithuaniaTrakai Castle, Lithuania

Located within the Trakai Historical National Park, the imposing red-brick Trakai Island Castle fell into a state of disrepair but was meticulously reconstructed in the middle of the last century. Situated on a small islet on picturesque Lake Galve, Trakai Castle has probably been a little over-restored, but it still worth a visit and an easy day trip from the Lithuanian capital, Vilnius.

Matsumoto-jo, Japan

Matsumoto-jo Matsumoto Japan | Forts and castles from around the worldMatsumoto Castle, Japan

Matsumoto Castle (Matsumoto-jō), also known as the Crow Castle, is one of Japan’s best preserved historic castles. Defined as a flatland castle because it does not have a hilltop location nor is it situated near a river, Matsumoto Castle is surrounded by a large moat and protected by a series of gateways and interconnecting walls.

Jiayuguan Fort, China

Jiayuguan Fort China | Forts and castles from around the worldJiayuguan Fort, China

The Ming-dynasty fort at Jiayuguan is located along the Hexi Corridor in the Chinese province of Gansu. Synonymous with the Silk Route and the Great Wall of China, this dominating fortress once stood in the middle of nowhere but Chinese expansion, being what it is, means the fort is now located on the outskirts of Jiayuguan city. The fort is still worth seeing, however, and an essential stop on any China Silk Road journey.

San Felipe Castle, Guatemala

El Castillo de San Felipe Lago de Izabal Rio Dulce Guatemala | Forts and castles from around the worldSan Felipe Castle, Guatemala

Located near the lively town of Rio Dulce on the shores of Lake Isabel, San Felipe Castle is a Spanish colonial fort that was used for several centuries to help defend the town from the onslaught of pirates. The defenses were clearly not that great, as the fort has been looted and destroyed several times by swashbuckling buccaneers throughout the course of its history.

Chokhor Rabtentse Dzong, Bhutan

Chokhor Rabtentse Dzong (Trongsar Dzong) 2Classic view of Chokhor Rabtentse Dzong (fort) in Trongsar

Chokhor Rabtentse Dzong (fort), more commonly known as Trongsar (or Trongsa) Dzong, is the largest fortress in the Himalayan Kingdom of Bhutan. As well as being one of the country’s most important monastic centres and home to around 200 monks, the building is the administrative headquarters of the Trongsar government.


Have you seen Part 2? Read Twelve More Forts and Castles from Around the World


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